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# Beginners Guide To Calculating Macros

Emily Singer

|Abs|Supplementing Subconsciously your diet will consist of 1 of 3 goals. These 3 goals are..
1. Maintenance
2. Fat Loss
3. Muscle Gain
With your desired goal in mind, it's important to track your macronutrients which is called IIFYM (If It Fits Your Macros). Your macros consist of Carbohydrates, Fats and Proteins. So, what's the first step to take?

## Step 1 - Calculating your BMR

Your BMR (Basal Metabolic Rate) calculates how many calories your body burns at rest. Using the Mifflin-St Jeor Method, calculate your BMR below. Men 10 x Weight (kg) + 6.25 x Height (cm) - 5 x Age (Years) + 5 Women 10 x Weight (kg) + 6.25 x Height (cm) - 5 x Age (Years) - 161 Now you have worked out how many calories your body needs at rest, you need to work out how many calories you need with regards to your activity level.

## Step 2 - Total Energy Expenditure

To work this out, multiply your BMR by: 1.2 if you do little or no exercise 1.4 if you do exercise a couple of times per week 1.5-1.7 if you exercise several times per week 1.9+ if you exercise every day or have a hard, physical job Example 22 Year Old Male, Moderate Exercise, 188cm and 95kg 10 x Weight (kg) + 6.25 x Height (cm) - 5 x Age (Years) + 5 950kg + 1175 -110 + 5 = 2020kcal BMR 2020 x 1.5 = 3030kcal Total Energy Expenditure

## Step 3 - Goal

Are you wanting to lose weight? If so, how much and in what time frame? Make sure to start slowly with a realistic weight loss and time frame. Dropping your calories by too much too quickly will only result in a binge. To gain mass, you will need to increase your calorie intake. Again, take it slowly. Upping your calories by 500kcal in one week will make you feel sick (the same with dropping kcal), lethargic and your stomach will need time to adjust. Take it week by week, if you feel as though you're able to eat more then increase your calories the following week.

## Step 4 - Calculations For Ratios

(The quick way) Here are 3 graphs which show the ratio of your macronutrients for your desired goal. [caption id="attachment_5513" align="alignleft" width="150"] Fat Loss - Lower Carb[/caption] [caption id="attachment_5512" align="alignleft" width="150"] Maintenance - Moderate Carb[/caption] [caption id="attachment_5514" align="alignleft" width="150"] Muscle Gain - Higher Carb[/caption]               These are just brief outlines of your intake to give you an idea of how much you should be consuming of each food group. So how do you work out your intake from these ratios? Here is the calorie value for each macronutrient
• 1g Protein = 4 Calories
• 1g Carbohydrate = 4 Calories
• 1g Fat = 9 Calories

## Example A - Fat Loss 22 Year Old Male, Moderate Exercise, 188cm and 95kg (Remember to calculate BMR and TEE) This male has a TEE of 3030kcal, if we reduce his calories to 2700kcal, then 330kcal will be used from the bodies energy stores. So, we now need to look at the ratio for fat loss and calculate that from his new calorie intake to work out grams. Protein - 50% of 2700kcal = 1350kcal / 4kcal = 337.5g Fat - 30% of 2700kcal = 810kcal / 9kcal = 96g Carbs - 20% of 2700kcal = 540kcal / 4kcal = 135g So.. P = 337.5g F = 96g C = 135g

## Example B - Muscle Gain Let's up the calories by 500kcal, taking his total calorie intake to 3530kcal. Protein - 25% of 3530kcal = 882.5kcal / 4kcal = 221g Fat - 15% of 3530kcal = 529.5kcal / 9kcal = 59g Carbs - 60% of 3530kcal = 2118kcal / 4kcal = 529.5g P = 221g F = 59g C = 529.5g These grams can vary due to ratio sizes, but this is just to give you an idea of your portion sizes, this is not how you calculate your exact macro intake.

## Fat Loss

• Protein = 1.2g per 1 pound of body weight (for a resistance trainer, this can vary)
• Fat = 0.5g per 1 pound of body weight
Once you have calculated this, you need to add your protein and fat intake and subtract it from your total energy expenditure. The number left is the number of calories you have left which should be your carbohydrate intake. As you will be in a depletion, take away 100-300kcal away from your left over number of calories. Male Example 209lbs, 188cm, Moderately Active Protein = 1.2g x 209lbs = 250g x 4kcal = 1000kcal Fat = 0.5g x 209 = 105g x 9kcal = 940kcal 1000kcal + 940kcal = 1940kcal Total Energy Expenditure (2828) - 1940kcal = 888kcal left We now have 888kcal left of Carbohydrates. Let's take away 150kcal which leaves us with 738kcal, divide this by 4kcal and we have 185g of Carbs. So...
• Protein = 250g
• Fat = 105g
• Carbohydrates = 185g
Female Example 88lbs, 152cm, Moderately Active Protein = 1.2g x 88lbs = 106g x 4kcal = 424kcal Fat = 0.5g x 88lbs = 44g x 9kcal = 396kcal Total Energy Expenditure (1074) - 254kcal
• Protein = 106g
• Fat = 105g
• Carbohydrates = 63.5g

## Muscle Gain

• Protein = 1.2g-1.6g per 1 pound of body weight (for a resistance trainer)
• Fat = 0.4g per 1 pound of body weight
• Carbs = 1.6g-1.8g per 1 pound of body weight
Male Example 209lbs, 188cm, Moderately Active Protein = 1.2g x 209lbs = 250g x 4kcal = 1003kcal Fat = 0.4g x 209lbs = 84g x 9kcal = 752kcal Carbs = 1.8g x 209lbs = 376g x 4kcal = 1505kcal Calories = 3260kcal Macros
• P = 250g
• F = 84g
• C = 376g
Female Example 88lbs, 152cm, Moderately Active Protein = 1.6g x 88lbs =  140g x 4kcal = 563kcal Fat = 0.5 x 88lbs = 44g x 9kcal = 396kcal Carbs = 1.8g x 88lbs = 158g x 4kcal = 632kcal Calories = 1591 Macros
• P = 140g
• F = 44g
• C = 158g

## What meals are best suited to you?

Cutting Meals Our cutting meal is low in saturated fats and reduced in carbohydrates with less than 500 calories per serving. Each meal delivers over 30g of high quality protein per serving to preserve muscle and increase satiety. We have included more of what you need and less of what you don't. Bulking Meals With a high carbohydrate and protein intake, the bulking meals are fuelled to give you enough nutritional support to gain mass at an increased rate. The nutrient dense meals contains a minimum of 750 calories per meal and over 50g of protein. Performance Meals Performance meals are designed for those who play sport at an advanced level and need the right balance of carbohydrates, protein and fats. At over 40g of protein per meal, it's not only light but jam packed with enough fuel to sustain your energy, ensuring that your performance is peak at all times. 